Category Archives: Arqueología

Goddess Nammu and the Anunnaki

Sumer was a historical region in the Middle East that formed the southern part of ancient Mesopotamia, between the floodplains of the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. The Sumerian civilization is considered the first and oldest civilization of the world. Although the origin of its inhabitants, the Sumerians, is uncertain, there are numerous hypotheses about its origins. The most widely accepted today argues that it would have happened no cultural break with the Uruk period, which would rule out external factors such as could be invasions or migrations from other distant lands.

The Sumerians originally practiced a polytheistic religion with anthropomorphic deities representing cosmic and terrestrial forces in their world. During the middle of the third millennium. C., Sumerian deities became more anthropocentric and were “… nature gods transformed into gods of the city.” Gods like Enki and Inanna were seen as if An, god of heaven or Enlil, supreme god of the Sumerian pantheon had assigned them the range, power and knowledge.

As a prelude to other divinities one special find:

Nammu is the Sumerian Goddess of the primordial sea, creator of all things. She gave birth to An (heaven) and Ki (earth), as well as Enki, the master shaper of the world. She instructed Enki on how to create man, and helped him to form them from clay.

NammuThe ancient astronaut theory, also known as paleocontact hypothesis, argues that aliens have visited the planet Earth and that these beings have been responsible, in varying degrees, of the origin and development of human cultures, technologies and religions (another way to call it is  alien creationism).

A common variant of the idea is that most of the deities in the religions, if not all, are actually extraterrestrials, and their technologies were taken as evidence of their divine status.

Sitchin argued that writings of the Sumerians existed that told the story of 50 Anunnaki, inhabitants of a planet called Nibiru, who came to Earth about 400.000 years ago with the intention of undermining raw materials, especially gold, for transport back to Nibiru. Because of their small number, soon got tired of his job and began to create workers for the mines by means of genetic engineering. After many tests, eventually created homo sapiens sapiens: the “Adapa” (model man) or Adam in subsequente mythology. Sitchin contended that the Anunnaki were active in human affairs until their culture was destroyed by global catastrophes caused by the abrupt end of the last ice age about 12,000 years ago. Seeing that humans survived and all they had built was destroyed, the Anunnaki left Earth after having given humans the opportunity and means to govern themselves.

a_51Nammu was the goddess who gave birth to Heaven and Earth, in the times of the Sumerians. The representation of this goddess is the one of a naked woman, straight, snakehead and breast-feeding a child. Their bodies are decorated with cupolas as a symbol of the underworld and magic method to ask the goddess the rebirth of what is in her womb. They also have broad shoulders, arms faced as symbol of protection. Great pubic triangle alluding to earthly paradise where life originates and resurrection.

We present here our representation of the goddess Nammu. Shaped by the painter and sculptor Angel Corral for us (which from here we appreciate his help) taking inspiration on a statuette now disappeared from the Baghdad Museum.

n15 (Large)

n8 (Large)

n2 (Large)

The reproductions are made of polyurethane resin loaded with crushed marble and mounted on a wooden stand. They are hand painted and aged.

Dimensions (without stand):

22 x 10 x 6 cm

With the base reaches about 30 cm high.

Weight: Approximately 550 grams

The finish is hand shaped and painte, so each one is unique and may have slight differences in color with to the photo.

They are at your disposal in our store.

References::

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religi%C3%B3n_sumeria

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiguos_astronautas

http://www.historiaantigua.es/sumer/tradicionreligiosa/tradicionreligiosa.html

http://www.lamentiraestaahifuera.com/2010/11/24/la-diosa-nammu/

http://www.expresionbinaria.com/la-historia-secreta-de-los-sumerios/

Royal Game of Ur

 

 

The Royal Game of Ur is one of the oldest known, next to the Egyptian game of Senet. Also called “game of 20 squares” and it was played in Mesopotamia in 2600 BC It is a game for two players, each with seven tiles (black and white) and three pyramidal dice.

The board and pieces are based on the tablets found in the city of Ur, one of the most important cities of ancient Mesopotamia during the excavations in the 1920s by British archaeologist Leonard Woolley. Excavations continued until 1934 and there were found sixteen graves they called the “Royal Tombs of Ur”.

The pieces found, (one of them is preserved today in the British Museum) consist on a wooden board with inlaid shell, red limestone and lapislazuli, small shell discs and three pyramidal dice, marked in two of its vertices.

The twenty boxes are decorated with various designs, symmetrically distributed.

All different similar boards  found, have in the same position the five rosettes, so they are considered special boxes. Other tables are decorated with “eyes of luck” points and concentric circles.

The original rules of the game are unknown but there are several possible reconstructions based on a clay tablet with cuneiform writing (Babylonian origin of 177-176 BC) that suggests that it was a “persecution” game as Senet, predecessor of today Parcheesi and backgammon.

The two players move their pieces across the board according to their score on the dice.

Here we expose one of the versions, based on the interpretation of the British Museum:

Objective:

Complete the tour with seven tiles before your opponent

How to play:

The score of the dice according to the number of vertices labeled as follows:

– An unmarked vertex: One point, the turn passes to the opponent.

– Two unmarked vertices: Zero points, the turn passes to the opponent.

– Three unmarked vertices: Four points, and roll again.

– Three sharp corners: Five points, and roll again

With the first roll of the dice we resolve who starts the game.

A chip on the board enters the input box if we get a roll of 4 or 5 points.

Once on board, the chips make their journey according to the score of the dice.

When the chips are in the middle row can be attacked if an opponent’s piece falls into the same box, so that the attacked piece will be removed from the board  to start again.

The rosette boxes are safe squares rosette, the chips are in a rosette can not be attacked.

To exit the panel a piece has to fall exactly at exit square, If the score is larger, travel in the opposite direction to completion, once there, the tab will travel when I get a score of 4 or 5.

Long version:

Once in the exit box, we turn to the piece and follow the dash in reverse, to finish the tour of the input box. In this game mode, the chips may only be attacked by other going in the same direction.

We present here our interpretation of the board and pieces.

This is a reproduction hand painted resin.

It comes in a matching wooden box, with compartments for the different pieces.

Wooden box is not available now.

Available in our store.

The Emerald Tablet

Today we bring you something that probably will be unknown, The Emerald Tablet. A brief intro taken from Wikipedia.

The Emerald Tablet, also known as Smaragdine Table, Tabula Smaragdina, or The Secret of Hermes, is a text purporting to reveal the secret of the primordial substance and its transmutations. It claims to be the work of Hermes Trismegistus (“Hermes the Thrice-Greatest”), a legendary Hellenistic combination of the Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian god Thoth.

Below are shown several translations including the Arabic, the Latin, and one from Isaac Newton. The compact and cryptic text was highly regarded by European alchemists as the foundation of their art, in particular of its Hermetic tradition. Interpreting the layers of meanings of the Emerald Tablet, from individual words to the overall meaning, is fraught with possibilities, but certainly Alchemy’s Magnum opus and the ancient, classical, element system are the basis of any sound explanation, as they provide a key to the ideas of earth, fire, sun, moon, etc., common to all the translations.

Two years and half ago to María Jesús was commissioned to replicate “The Emerald Tablet.” We had no idea wthat it was, but as we like challenges, began to inquire and she found a drawing of the tablet, sent by the “buyer” and we got down to work. First of all we would think how we could do it. Before the engagement we had made a replica of the “Tablet of the Grail” of “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” so we had little idea of how we could do. But this table, unlike the Indy, had the letters in low relief and not engraved.

Our replica is recognized by the International Alchemy Guild, as the “accepted version of what the Emerald Tablet really looked like.”

It was commissioned by the same association to be exhibited in the first museum of alchemy in the U.S., which is being built in the Egyptian Museum in San Jose, California.

Then we tell you how we did it.

  1. The first step was to take the picture at convenient size and engrave it on a “porexpan” plate, (but  mirrored)

    Original
    Original
  2. The second step was making a mold with alginate so that the letters were as they should be, i.e. in relief.

    Molde alginato
    Alginate mold
  3. Once this is done we did copy of the alginate piece in silicone, which will serve us to take the final pieces

    Molde silicona
    Silicone mold
  4. Once we have the silicone mold, we assembled the box to make all the copies we want, (while the mold resist)

    Molde y cajón
    Mold in the box
  5. Now we pour the resin to get our copy.

    Vertido de resina
    Polyester resin
  6. And so we have our copy to add the finishing touch.

    Copia en resina
    Resin copy
  7. Finally a touch to give your final result color with green lacquer.

    Pintado de la tabla
    Table painting

At  last, we have given a touch of powder for look older and give greater realism. And now you know how to make your own Emerald Tablet. Should be in a museum … and thither goes.

Finished table.

Available in our store