The invention of the telephone.

 

On June 25, 1876, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the prototype of its new invention, the telephone and it is this apparatus that I’m talking about today.

TelephonePatentDrawingBell
“TelephonePatentDrawingBell” by Alexander Graham Bell – This media is available in the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration

We are not going into a controversy of who actually invented the telephone and the reasons why Antonio Meucci (who had begun the process of its patent years earlier) and Elisha Gray failed to patent it before. The fact is that the patent was issued to Bell on March 7, 1876.

Bell had great knowledge of acoustics and voice modulation as his mother and wife were deaf, and his father, grandfather and uncle were all elocutionists.

For many years he focused his efforts in trying to transmit sound through electric means.

In 1874 while trying to develop a harmonic telegraph, his assistant Thomas A. Watson discovered that could transmit more than one note using iron membranes driven by electromagnets. Bell immediately saw the possibilities it offered them and began to develop a new device to transmit voice.

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Primer diseño de teléfono.

In 1875 they built the first model (shown in the photo at left) that did not really work.

After some experiments and modifications, including a membrane of little harder iron, or a liquid transmitter, Bell decided to patent it (even without many details of the invention) seeing that it was viable (with quite discreet results).

On March 7, 1876 he was awarded with the patent and starts experimenting again. Only three days later, on March 10, managed to transmit the first words to his assistant who were in another room.

This page in his laboratory notebook records the event:

Biblioteca del congreso Diario de laboratorio de Graham Bell. Dia 10 de Marzo de 1876.

“I then shouted into M [the mouthpiece] the following sentence: ‘Mr. Watson–come here–I want to see you.’ To my delight he came and declared that he had heard and understood what I said. “.

The demonstration that took place in the Universal Exhibition in Philadelphia, announced the invention to the world and the news caught the press at the time.

In November 26, 1876 the first telephone conversation between the cities of Boston and Salem, Massachusetts, at a distance of 16 miles is performed.

One of the two phones that were used at that time is in the National Museum of American History (Smithsonian).

Bell's Large box telephon Bell box telephone.

Bell's Large box telephon Bell box telephone.

It consisted of an iron diaphragm, two iron core coils and a permanent horseshoe magnet.

As described by the museum itself:

“When used as a transmitter, sound waves at the mouthpiece cause the diaphragm to move, inducing a fluctuating current in the electromagnets. This current is conducted over wires to a similar instrument, acting as a receiver. There, the fluctuating current in the electromagnets causes the diaphragm to move, producing air vibrations that can be heard by the ear. This was a marginal arrangement, but it worked well enough to be employed in the first commercial services in 1877. The magneto receiver continued to be used, but the transmitters were soon replaced by a carbon variable-resistance device designed by Francis Blake and based on a principle patented by Thomas Edison.”

And this is where we present our work.

With the invaluable assistance of my father (Jose Manuel Corral Rodriguez), who has developed and built with us this model (and here we thank him), we have built a working replica of the first commercial model.

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Although some elements have been modified to replace by modern pieces (like magnets), the external appearance is the same as the original.

Here’s a soundcheck:

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As explained in the description of the Smithsonian, soon using this model as a transmitter and receiver, they decided to adopt the carbon microphone, thanks to which they could hear much better.

We have also constructed a (not replica) device to use one of these microphones without the need to have two copies of the phone.

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Together with some 32 feet cable, to be able to move away enough so that you can hear the device itself, not the raw voice.

You can buy one of our replicas in our store.

 

Custom micro stand.

We love our work. Definitely. It’s fun, and it’s especially satisfying when someone makes us a commission like that one we show today.

One day a girl contacted us asking if we could make a custom micro stand (for a gift) and after a few conversations about what was within the capabilities of both parties, we came to the conclusion of making something like this:

micro

Well… Let’s do it!!!

The first thing we did was buy anatomical models of spine and skull for a good base.

The main points to be considered were:

1- Elaboration of the wings:

A 5mm pvc d¡cut and folded as a metal sheet,  (to suit later to the skull)

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IMG_38992- Attaching to the microphone stand:

IMG_3898At first we thought that the foot bar should go through inside the skull, and we made a hole with a through tube. Then we saw that in this way, it was no space to place the spine in place, so we opted for screwed clamps.

IMG_3956IMG_3919In addition, the column was loose vertebras, connected by a flexible cable, to bend, which did not interest us, so we dismantled and glued each one to give them more rigidity, (but retains some flexibility)


3- Give an evil face to the good old Willy (So called in honor of the one-eyed Willy)

We find that “Willy” looked like a good boy… so once placed the red LEDs and a switch (which decided to put on the advice of a friend), could close the skull and get with modeling. A little less nose, a little more cheeks and eyebrows … Modeling with epoxy putty dry air, as the polymer that we usually use dries in the oven, and poor Willy was not going to hold on.

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4- Painting:

After sanding sessions, painting time.

We used automotive paint and special coating for resistant (within reasonable) to wear and scratches.

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5- Finish:

Although we were hesitant (both client and us) finally we decided suitable a touch of black. Being over the paint can be removed easily so once in their possession they can modify it to their liking.

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In the end “he” was like family … fortunately we know that he has gone to a good family. We hope he’ll see the world and have many successes.

The gift was for Manolo the lead singer of ADVERMIX from Murcia. Their facebook and the web of the group:

https://www.facebook.com/pages/ADVERMIX/300508743453?sk=info&tab=page_info

http://advermix.weebly.com/



La Pava. Bélmez faces.

In the town of Bélmez de la Moraleda, in 1971, began a phenomenon that over time has been called “The Faces of Bélmez”. (Las caras de Bélmez)

Fuente: www.naukas.com
Fuente: www.naukas.com

It comes to the emergence of a number of stains on the floor of a house in the town that could be identified as human faces.

María Gómez Cámara (1919-2004), owner of the house, claimed that despite having reformed the floor, the face reappeared and after this, they appeared more. To this day, have been documented movements and transformations of these figures, the appearance and disappearance of some other.

For many people it is a paranormal event. Long has been spoken during these years (although was given a lot of publicity the early years, occasionally reappearss the topic with the emergence of studies or books), for others it is only a fraud.

It is not our intention to enter into the debate but show you the replica that we did a few months ago, commissioned by one of our more special customers for an exhibition.

pava5 (Large)

We reproduced “La Pava” the first and most characteristic of the images that appeared, and still remains exposed at home, although they changed their site to let in a niche in the wall.

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Since it is not a usual painting, we had to recreate the “stain” on the concrete that, pareidolia or not, makes us see the face in the area that is free of stains.

To give it a similar termination to the real one, we framed it simulating the niche.

We do not sell this replica in our shop. If you are interested in one, please contact us.

pava1 (Large)

Blog de artesanía y réplicas.

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